Piriformis Syndrome, also known as false or pseudo-sciatica, can cause pain, weakness, tingling and numbness in the low back, hips, and down the leg. Piriformis Syndrome is caused by tightness and "knots" in the piriformis muscle compressing the sciatic nerve. The symptoms are very similar to true sciatica (nerve is compressed in the lumbar region of the spine.)
The sciatic nerve generally runs underneath the piriformis muscle, but for some people it can run through the middle of the piriformis muscle. Tension or contraction of this muscle can cause compression of the sciatic nerve, resulting in piriformis syndrome.
Since symptoms of True Sciatica are almost identical to Piriformis Syndrome, there are two chair tests that help distinguish between the two:
1. While sitting on a chair, straighten your leg parallel to the floor on the side you are experiencing pain. If the pain increases, it is the symptom of true sciatica.
2. Sit straight on a chair and pull your knee to the same shoulder and then to another one. If the pain gets worse, you have Piriformis Syndrome.
If you've determined that you have Piriformis Syndrome, use these tips to help relieve the pain!
I've been a Licensed Massage Therapist since 2006. In my free time I enjoy hiking with my husband and dog. I also have a passion for cooking, baking and gardening.